The Cleveland Clinic estimates that that 1 percent of adults end up with HPV-16 infections. In addition, about two-thirds of all throat cancers contain HPV-16 strains. This is why having oral HPV is considered a strong risk factor for throat cancer. Still, most people with HPV-16 infections don’t end up getting throat cancer.
A 2017 study also found that smoking may be an important risk factor. While smoking doesn’t necessarily cause HPV-positive throat cancer, being a smoker and having an active HPV infection may increase your overall risk of cancer cells. Smoking also increases your risk of HPV-negative throat cancer.
In addition, according to a recent national study, oral HPV infection was three times more common in men than in women, high-risk oral HPV infection was five times more common in men, and oral HPV 16 was six times more common in men.
Source : https://www.healthline.com/health/hpv-throat-cancer