Research shows that several risk factors may affect a person’s chance of developing cervical cancer. Cervical cancer is almost always caused by persistent infection with the human papillomavirus. While there are more than 100 different strains of HPV, certain types are considered high-risk types because they are strongly linked to cancers, including cancer of the cervix. The human papillomavirus can be spread through sexual intercourse. There usually aren’t any symptoms of cervical cancer in its earliest, most treatable stage. That’s why having a regular Pap test is the key to prevention.
Source : http://auburnpub.com/lifestyles/cayuga-county-health-dept-january-is-cervical-health-awareness-month/article_51ae22ca-01fd-5054-af0d-a1359c6fd074.html